Acute, Chronic, and Reproductive Outcome Indicators
Acute conditions are those that have a quick onset and or a short course. Chronic conditions refer to those that are long developing and or persistent. Reproductive outcomes include birth outcomes.
Blue-Green Algae, more correctly known as cyanobacteria, are very small organisms that grow naturally in salt and fresh waters. Cyanobacteria produce cyanotoxins, or poison, which can be toxic to nervous systems and liver cells. Oregon Tracking currently collects data measures that capture Algae related illnesses and mortality to humans, dogs and other animals in freshwater rivers, streams, lakes and reservoirs.
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a tasteless, odorless and colorless gas. When CO is inhaled, it can cause severe headaches, dizziness, confusion and nausea, eventually leading to unconsciousness. If exposure at high levels is prolonged over several hours, death can result. Oregon Tracking currently collects measures that include the annual number of poisonings, age-adjusted rate and crude rate by cause (all cause, fire-related, not fire-related and unknown) for hospitalizations and deaths.
Heat Related Illness
Heat Related Illness can take many forms, including sunburn, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. When the body loses its ability to cool itself, it can begin to feel symptoms of confusion, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache, rapid heartbeat and abnormally low blood pressure. Untreated, it can result in long-term health issues and even death. Oregon Tracking currently collects data about the number of hospitalizations attributed to heat and the annual crude rate and age adjusted hospitalization rates.
Lead Poisoning (Childhood)
Lead is toxic to people of all aged but the health effects of childhood lead poisoning are well documented and can range from death and seizures at very high blood lead levels (BLLs) to cognitive impairment at very low BLLs. There is no safe blood lead level for young children. Oregon Tracking currently collects data about the number and percentage of children tested before the age of three and of those, the number and percentage of those who have blood concentrations above the action level.
Asthma is a disease that causes the airways that carry oxygen in and out of the lungs to be irritated and swollen. It is the leading chronic health condition among children, and there are large racial, income and geographic differences in poor asthma outcomes. Oregon Tracking currently collects data about asthma hospitalizations including monthly and annual number of hospitalizations, and the crude, age-specific and age-adjusted hospitalization rates.
Body Mass Index
Body Mass Index (BMI) provides a reliable indicator of body fat for most people and is a good measure for describing the prevalence of obesity at the population level. Obesity-related health conditions include some of the leading causes of death: heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Oregon Tracking used Driver's License data to make available mean and age adjusted mean BMI for adults by sex. Data is available at sub-county levels.
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. There are more than 100 types of Cancer and can occur in any organ and any type of cell in the body. Cancer is a leading cause of death in Oregon. Oregon Tracking currently collects data for over 13 different types of cancer that have been associated with environmental contaminants. The portal provides measures that include the annual number of new cases and age adjusted rates.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. The term "heart disease" refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type in the United States is coronary artery disease, which can cause heart attack, angina, heart failure, and arrhythmias. Your genetics, lifestyle, and environment can all contribute to an increased risk for heart disease. Oregon Tracking currently collects heart attack counts of monthly and annual hospitalizations, and annual crude, age-specific and age-adjusted hospitalization rates.
The ability to conceive children, or fertility, can be affected by a number of factors. Environmental contaminants are thought to be major contributors. Oregon Tracking currently collects data on fertility rates by state and county. Fertility trends provide basic descriptive data that may supply clues about changes that could be influenced by environmental risk factors.
Infant mortality occurs when an infant dies in the first year of life. There are many known and unknown factors linked to increased risk of infant mortality. For example, the fetus and infant may be exposed to harmful effects of environmental contaminants such as smoking or drugs. Oregon Tracking currently collects four measures to track infant mortality.
Premature births are those occurring after less than 37 completed weeks of gestation and is a leading cause of infant mortality, morbidity and long-term disability. All infants born premature are at risk for serious health problems and complications with those born earliest being at the greatest risk. Oregon Tracking currently collects data about premature births, very premature births, low birthweight babies and very low birthweight babies.
The sex ratio at birth is the ratio of male to female births. How the sex of an infant is determined remains unclear. Growing evidence does suggest that environmental hazards can affect how many males are born. Oregon Tracking currently collects sex ratio data at the state and county levels.