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The statute governing licensed EMS providers limits prehospital care to "care rendered by EMS providers as an incident of the operation of an ambulance and care rendered by EMS providers as incidents of other public or private safety duties, and includes, but is not limited to, emergency care." ORS 682.025(11). In addition, the “Scope of Practice" is defined as “the maximum level of emergency or nonemergency care that an emergency medical services provider may provide." ORS 682.025(12).
An EMS provider can work as an employee in a hospital or other health care setting and the job description and expectations are set by the employer. In this situation, the EMS provider may perform any assigned job duties, including critical care responses. While the EMS
scope of practice (OAR Chapter 847, Division 035) is a good example of the education and training of EMS providers, it does not apply in a non-prehospital setting. It does not however limit or otherwise affect the individual's employment or job description except that the individual may not use his or her title or licensure as an EMS provider.
EMS providers are included in the governor's order for health care workers to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Hospitals utilizing EMS providers are expected to provide all equipment for the performance of their duties, to include personal protective equipment. Hospitals should integrate EMS providers into their staffing models.
For questions contact the Oregon Health Authority EMS & Trauma Systems program at
In the event of an emergency declared by the Governor of Oregon, Emergency Medical Service providers may assist in patient care as directed by the supervising physician's standing orders and within the protocols established by the State of Oregon EMS Medical Director during the period of the declared emergency, subject to such limitations and conditions as the Governor or Oregon Medical Board may prescribe. These protocols are only valid during the declared emergency in Oregon. The State of Oregon EMS Medical Director has adopted the following protocols:
July 1, 2021 - June 30, 2024
October 3, 2019 - October 2, 2022
April 1, 2021 - March 31, 2024
October 5, 2018 - October 4, 2021
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An EMS provider is able to work as an employee in a hospital or other health care setting, and the job description and expectations are set by the employee's supervisor or employer. In this situation, the EMS provider may perform any assigned job duties, including critical care responses. However, the employee may
use his or her license or title as an EMS provider while performing these duties, even though the training he or she has received may be beneficial or even required qualifications for the employment position.
The EMT scope of practice (OAR Chapter 847, Division 035) does not limit or otherwise affect the individual’s employment or job description except that the individual may not use his or her title or licensure as an EMS provider.
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