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Evidence-Based Population Health Interventions

magnifying glass being used to examine a stack of graphsMany local public health authorities are pursuing accreditation through the Public Health Advisory Board. Public health accreditation requires health departments to complete a Community Health Assessment (CHA) and a Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP). Similarly, Coordinated Care Organizations (CCOs), local mental health authorities and nonprofit hospitals also have requirements to complete CHAs and CHIPs. Find CHA/CHIP resources.

CHIPs include strategies the community will implement in order to address needs identified in the CHA. In order to have the greatest impact, local public health authorities, CCOs and others can implement evidence-based practices for each health issue identified in the CHA. An evidence-based practice is one that is based in research and has proven to be effective.

National resources for evidence-based practices include the Community Guide to Preventive Services, Healthy People 2020 and the United States Preventive Services Task Force.

Evidence-based practices (by health topic)  

Adolescent Health




Behavioral Health


Breast and Cervical Cancer






Heart Disease and Stroke






Injury and Violence Prevention


Maternal and Child Health




Oral Health


Reproductive Health and Family Planning


Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)






Viral Hepatitis


Worksite Wellness