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Small Dam Removal


Funding of dam removal restoration projects continues to be a major restoration investment by OWEB. Some of the most notable dams that our grantees have removed include:

  • Brownsville, Shearer and Sodom dams on the Calapooia River
  • Marmot Dam on the Sandy River
  • Chiloquin Dam on the Sprague River
  • Savage Rapids and Gold Ray dams on the Rogue River
  • Fielder and Wimer Dams on Evans Creek, a major tributary to the Rogue River
  • Stearns Dam on the Crooked River

These removals encouraged Oregon to further support small dam removal projects. The OWEB Board prioritized funding to monitor the ecological effects of small dam removal. Monitoring will help predict the ecological results of future dam removals.

Please see the Documents section for resources pertaining to items on this page.

Removal Guide

OWEB is pleased to announce the availability of this handy guide for people managing the removal of small dams in their watersheds. Author Denise Hoffert shares valuable insights and useful permitting information based on Denise's experience managing the 2007 removal of the Brownsville Dam in the Willamette Basin's Calapooia Watershed.

The removal of the Brownsville Dam on the Calapooia River is expected to affect local hydrology, sedimentation processes (erosion, transport, and deposition), and the ecology of the Calapooia channel, floodplain, and riparian zone. This effectiveness monitoring strategy is designed to document the short-term effects of these removals, including the benefits and risks associated with the removal of Brownsville Dam, while improving the capability to predict ecosystem response related to dam removal. A study of the social and community influences and outcomes of dam removal at Brownsville Dam will be completed under another monitoring program.​

The objective of this research is the documentation of physical and biological responses of the Rogue River to dam removal. Presently, four dam removals are at some level of implementation. As a “medium” sized dam removal, the proposed monitoring strategy is critical as this removal represents an important learning opportunity. The monitoring approach is designed to engage local stakeholders in an assessment of river recovery while addressing important research questions of interest to the broader science community. The analyses and documentation will articulate and test procedures for reliability in predicting responses to dam removal, making tools more accessible for future dam removals. Thus, in combination with monitoring activities occurring at the Brownsville Dam removal site, this monitoring program will document the outcomes of a small and medium dam removal, as well as demonstrate, test, and document effectiveness monitoring procedures for future dam removals. This will occur through the development of a guidance document, including

  1. sample monitoring plans, study designs, and data analysis approaches of systematic effectiveness monitoring
  2. detailed cost estimates (per-hours/year) and features of various methods for future monitoring planning
  3. development and documentation of monitoring and prediction methods, such as estimating stored sediment volumes behind dams​

The ability to forecast channel change in response to dam removal is a critical component of the dam removal project decision-making process. Monitoring the changes in the Sandy River following the removal of Marmot Dam provides a unique opportunity to gather key data which will aid in the development of a model for sediment routing following a dam removal. The project will also document the changes over time in the hydro-geomorphic form of the Sandy River as the Marmot Dam sediment moves through the system. The results will add to the regional understanding of dam removal projects.​


Please direct questions or comments to Ken Fetcho, Effectiveness Monitoring Coordinator, 971-345-7018.