Skip to main content Homepage

Measles / Rubeola (vaccine-preventable)

Disease Information

Measles is a highly contagious, airborne disease caused by measles virus. Measles starts with a fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes and sore throat, and is followed by a blotchy rash that spreads all over the body. Approximately 30 percent of reported cases have one or more complications including pneumonia, ear infections, or diarrhea. Complications are more common in young children and adults.

OHA encourages physicians (and others) to maintain a high level of suspicion for measles, especially in people who have not received two doses of measles-containing vaccine Suspect cases of measles, whether in doctors' offices or hospitals, should be immediately separated from other patients, tested for measles and reported to the local health department where they live, without delay, day or night, after identification.  The best protection against measles is MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine.

Disease Reporting

What is required?

Health Care Providers and Clinical Laboratories

Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of measles to local health departments immediately, day or night. Use our secure web-based confidential reporting system – OR – use the confidential PDF reporting form.

Cases are subject to worksite, childcare and school restrictions while in the communicable stage of the disease. When the disease is no longer communicable, restrictions will be removed by the local public health authority.

For Local Health Departments


See Also

For the General Public

For Healthcare Providers

For Local Health Departments

For Media Resources

CDC Factsheet 

Your browser is out-of-date! It has known security flaws and may not display all features of this and other websites. Learn how