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J.H. Baxter


The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality required J.H. Baxter & Co., owner of a wood treatment facility in Eugene, to collect soil samples in nearby residential yards to determine if contaminants from the facility have accumulated in the neighborhood. The company stopped wood treating activities in early 2022 and did not have the ability to pay for additional work. DEQ's contractor and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency have identified seven homes needing cleanup as soon as possible due to concerning levels of dioxins. DEQ collected additional samples in April 2023 and is awaiting results. Yard cleanups are set to take place as early as possible in 2023. DEQ wants to make sure that all contaminated soil is removed and replaced with clean soil in these seven yards.

The EPA sampled 22 yards and identified a number of additional yards that will need cleanup eventually. DEQ has requested that EPA collect additional yard samples further north and east of the yards already sampled. This sampling of 28 yards will be done later in March 2023. Samples take six to eight weeks to analyze.

DEQ is also working on additional soil sampling to better understand the extent of contamination, with sampling moving farther from the facility. DEQ's area of interest and investigation includes properties east of La Casa Street, west of Alva Park Drive, south of Elmira Road and north of Roosevelt Boulevard. DEQ currently does not expect dioxin soil contamination from Baxter to extend to properties outside this area. Property owners will be contacted prior to sampling. Dioxins are a class of chemicals that result from industrial and natural processes. Depending on the level of exposure, dioxins can increase the risk of cancer and the risk of other health effects. For more information, go to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's web page about dioxins.

In March 2023 samples were collected by EPA from 32 additional yards in the neighborhood to determine how far away from the facility the off-site contamination is located and if any additional yards may need to be cleaned up. Samples take six to eight weeks to analyze.

​​The 31-acre site at 85 Baxter Street has been an active wood treatment facility since the early 1940s. Historical spills and operational practices have resulted in soil and groundwater c​ontamination.  Further, the facility has had issues with air emissions and concerns from residents about odors and possible, related health effects.  

Over the years, DEQ and LRAPA have investigated the facility and issued numerous enforcement actions and required cleanup measures. In October 2019, DEQ issued a cleanup plan, called a Record of Decision, which required this offsite sampling along with other cleanup actions onsite. Also in 2019, LRAPA included Baxter in the first set of facilities in Lane County to go through the Cleaner Air Oregon process. 

DEQ received results from eight off-site soil samples required under the October 2019 cleanup plan for J.H. Baxter's (Baxter) wood treatment facility in Eugene. ​

Four results, including one in the Bethel Neighborhood directly north of the facility and three stormwater ditch locations, indicated elevated levels of dioxins, a group of toxic chemicals.

Oregon Health Authority reviewed these draft results and determined the levels do not represent a public health risk. However, the levels in those four samples are elevated above DEQ's standard residential cleanup levels so this means that the soils need to be further investigated to determine if corrective action and cleanup is needed.

Community engagement

DEQ has formed a technical work group which includes OHA, Lane Regional Air Protection Agency, and the City of Eugene to investigate the sources and extent of the contamination and to further evaluate any potential risks to the community.

Further, the agencies developed a community engagement core team. This core team will work closely with the technical work group to help inform the investigation, as well as share information with the general community.

Story Map: The J.H. Baxter & Co. Wood Treatment Facility in West Eugene
​​The following notes were provided by the meeting facilitator.

Next steps

Additional sampling of air, water, and soil will be completed with oversight from the technical work group. Communications with the public will continue through the community engagement core team as more information becomes available through this winter and next spring.

Where can I get more information?

The Sampling and Analysis Plan is available in DEQ's Environmental Cleanup Site Information database.

  • Information on the Cleaner Air Oregon process can be found on LRAPA's website.  

  • Information on environmental health assessment can be found on OHA's web page.


Dylan Darling 
DEQ Public Affairs Specialist
Suzanne Skadowski
EPA Public Affairs Specialist
Travis Knudsen
LRAPA Public Information Officer
541-736-1056 ext. 217
OHA Environmental Health Assessment Program

Soil Dioxin Levels