DEQ works closely with local, state and federal agencies as well as the public to improve water quality in the Columbia River and its tributaries. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency identifies the Columbia as one of the nation’s seven “great water bodies” in need of heightened protection from environmental harm.
DEQ oversees several Total Maximum Daily Load plans to help reduce pollution and toxics in the Columbia. TMDLs calculate the maximum amount of a pollutant that a water body can receive and still meet water quality standards.
DEQ's comments on EPA's Columbia and Lower Snake Rivers Temperature TMDL
On Aug. 20, 2020, DEQ provided comments on the Total Maximum Daily Load for temperature in the Columbia and Lower Snake Rivers established by EPA on May 18, 2020. The TMDL assesses heat sources and broadly assigns reduction targets to sources of heat pollution in the mainstem Columbia and lower Snake rivers. EPA evaluated effects of dams, point sources, tributaries and climate change on temperature impairments of the two streams, which are important migration corridors for threatened and endangered salmon and steelhead. To reduce stream temperatures, EPA assigned heat reduction targets to dams, point sources and tributaries. DEQ did comment that EPA must revise their TMDL to assign allocations that meet the Oregon temperature water quality standard and the TMDL fails to do that allowing EPA to try and skirt its responsibility and further endanger threatened and endangered salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. Because it is important to reduce temperatures in the Columbia and Snake Rivers for the sake of the fish, the states of Oregon and Washington will develop plans to implement the TMDL to work toward achieving temperature water quality standards needed to safeguard the aquatic life in the Columbia and lower Snake rivers.
Total dissolved gas standard modification for four Columbia River dams
On Jan. 24, 2020, the Oregon Environmental Quality Commission approved an order modifying the total dissolved gas water quality standard to allow voluntary fish passage spill by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to assist juvenile salmonid migration past four lower Columbia River dams: McNary, John Day, The Dalles and Bonneville. The order is effective 2020 through 2024 and modifies the 110 percent TDG water quality standard to 125 percent for spring spill and 120 percent for summer spill.
For approval of the order, the EQC considered DEQ’s TDG memorandum and its attachments , which include public comments and DEQ’s response to comments. Audio of the EQC TDG agenda item is available at the EQC January 2020 meeting web page under Agenda Item I.
Lower Mid-Columbia River ecological assessment
TMDL for temperature approved by EPA on Jan. 30, 2002
TMDL for temperature approved by EPA on Feb. 5, 2009
DEQ completed its “snapshot” ecological assessment of the Lower Mid-Columbia River, which covers 150 miles between Bonneville Dam on the west and McNary Dam on the east. This study –- the first of its kind on this section of the Columbia -- showed that while the river’s fish and bank habitat is degraded, its water quality is generally good, with low levels of metals and organic compounds known as polyacromatic hyrdrocarbons. Unfortunately, bass and largescale sucker fish fillets sampled from the river as part of this study show accumulation of potentially harmful levels of mercury, chlorinated pesticides and other toxic or cancer-causing chemicals, including dioxins, furans, and PCBs.
This assessment fills information gaps and compliments studies conducted by states, tribes, federal agencies and non-governmental organizations to gauge conditions, identify problems and find solutions to pollution issues affecting the Columbia River. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency listed the Columbia Basin as one of seven Great Water Bodies deserving of special attention and protection from environmental harm.
Total Dissolved Gas TMDL - Lower Columbia River
EPA approved this TMDL on Nov. 18, 2002
Dioxin Discharges TMDL - Columbia River (as well as Snake and Willamette Rivers)
EPA approved this TMDL, which covers three key waterways in Oregon, TMDL approved by the Environmental Protection Agency on Feb. 25, 1991