Skip to main content
Oregon.gov Homepage

Federal IDEA Funding

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) administers three formula grant programs authorized by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These formula grants are awarded to states annually to support children experiencing disabilities Birth through age 21. After a state application process, three grants are made available to states:

  • IDEA Part C supports early-intervention services for infants and toddlers birth through 2, and their families
  • IDEA Part B supports children experiencing disabilities aged 3 through 21 through two separate grants:
    • Section 611 which supports eligible children aged 3 through 21; and
    • Section 619 which provides additional support for eligible children aged 3 through 5.

The funding process for both Sections 611 and 619 are the same. The ODE's funding process has two phases, an allocation phase and a distribution phase.

IDEA Part B

Annually, Oregon receives grants under Sections 611 and 619 of the IDEA. Most of these grants are earmarked for Local Education Agencies (LEA). In Oregon, these funds are first allocated, then distributed to eligible LEAs over the course of the fiscal year in which the grants are awarded to Oregon. Below, please find a high-level overview of the process.

Allocation Phase

IDEA Part B funds are allocated to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) based on three factors:

  • A BASE amount is allocated based on 75% of Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 1999's federal grant for minimum flow-through required by the IDEA;
  • 85% of remaining funds are allocated on the basis of relative POPULATION of all children aged 3 through 21. This is the previous year's October Enrollment of Public and Private Schools (final October Student Enrollment Report submitted to the ODE); and
  • 15% of remaining funds are allocated based on POVERTY in which the previous year's December release of the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) are used.

The Base, Population, and Poverty amounts are combined to provide each LEA's gross allocation amount.

Distribution Phase

The ODE then distributes the gross funds based on the LEA's number of children receiving special education services by serving agency. Serving agencies can be: the LEA or District directly, a Regional Program, the Oregon School for the Deaf (OSD), a Long Term Care and Treatment center (LTCT), a Hospital program, or the ECSE program.

Section 611 is paid in two to three installments. Typically one in late July and a second one in late October. Section 619 is typically paid once in late July. On rare occasion, the ODE may be required to adjust funding that has already been provided.

Local Education Agency (LEA) Allocation Tables

Amounts provided may change as new information is made available. Allocations are released as estimates prior to the beginning of the next fiscal year in April, then a preliminary release showing the best information available in July, then a final release in April of the following year with updated information from the most recent child count data.

Availability of Funds

LEAs are notified of funding availability through the Electronic Grant Management System (EGMS) via individual grant award notifications. Federal funding of IDEA has an initial period of 15 months beginning July 1 and ending September 30, 15 months later. The Tydings Amendment allows LEAs to continue using funds provided in the funding period for an additional 12 months. This brings the total available time to obligate and spend to 27 months.

Please see the Understanding the IDEA Grant Funding Cycle and Different Fiscal Years document produced by the Center for IDEA Fiscal Reporting (CIFR) for additional details. Below is a graphic from that document which shows an idealized timeline of each grant.

Understanding Different Fiscal Years Note how, between July 1 and September 30, there is the possibility of three separate grants available. Grant recipients are expected to spend funds on what is called a "First In, First Out" method. This means that recipients must use their oldest funds first.