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Rabies is a viral disease affecting the central nervous system. It is transmitted from infected mammals to humans and is invariably fatal once symptoms appear. Fortunately, only a few cases are reported each year in the United States. Rabies is almost always contracted by exposure to a rabid animal. Exposure is usually through bites and the saliva of an infected animal in contact with broken skin. Scratches from rabid bats could potentially serve as source of infection.
What is required?
Health Care Providers and Clinical Laboratories
Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of rabies to local health departments within 24 hours of diagnosis.
For Local Health Departments
State rabies maps (pdf)
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Resources from CDC
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